Diabetes, Type 2
17 million Americans are affected by Type II or adult-onset diabetes and this
condition is the seventh leading cause of death in the U.S.
bad news is that this number is projected to continue increasing as obesity
continues to increase; the good news is that significant improvement in blood
sugar control can be made without medication if dietary and exercise recommendations
II diabetes has a different cause than Type I: patients with type 2 diabetes
do not respond properly to insulin, the hormone that normally allows the body
to convert blood sugar into energy or store it in cells to be used later. Over
the long term, high blood sugar can lead to medical complications such as heart
disease, kidney failure and blindness.
Family history is the number-one risk factor for type 2 diabetes and obesity
is a strong second. Even individuals at high risk can lower their chances of
developing it by maintaining a healthy body weight
The American Diabetic Association (ADA) has issued nutrition recommendations
which include strategies to prevent Type II diabetes and to how to deal with
it once a diagnosis has been made. The ADA recommends that weight management
through a low-fat diet and exercise can improves a person's response to insulin.
They also recommend reducing calories, which can help people with diabetes maintain
more stable blood glucose; restricting fat, which has been shown to lead to
longer-term weight loss; consuming no more than 20% of calories from protein;
and consuming less than 10 percent of total calories from saturated fat.
Created: 1/17/2001  - Donnica Moore, M.D.